As part of the five-year project of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the forest authorities have started work to restore 5,000 hectares of mangrove cover in the Krishna and Godavari estuaries and 200 hectares of salt marshes. The program, entitled “Improving Climate Resilience in Indian Coastal Communities”, is funded by the Green Climate Fund (GCF).
Of the 24 landscapes identified in Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Maharastra for restoration at a cost of £ 298 billion, nine are in the state.
As part of the program, the coastal communities are to receive climate-adaptive livelihood options to restore the target landscapes by mid-2025.
“The funds for the first phase of the work have been received and the GCF project has already started in the state. Of the 5,000 hectares of targeted mangrove cover, around 4,250 hectares are in the Krishna and Godavari estuaries in the areas surrounding the Coringa and Krishna Wildlife protected areas.
The restoration of the mangroves is done using the herringbone method, ”said C. Selvan, Divisional Forest Officer of Wildlife Management (Eluru Division) The Hindu.
First phase grant
The project has started with the first phase granting more than 1 crore including 40 lakh for the Eluru division, 40 lakh for the Rajamahendravaram division and 30 lakh for the Kakinada region, he said.
The restoration of around 200 hectares of Bantumilli marshland in Krishna district and the Nowpada swamp in Srikakulam district are the main objectives of the project.
In the case of the Nowpada Swamp, the fishermen won the legal battle against the construction of a thermal power station. Some of them died in a police shot on Kakarapalli in early 2011.
The landscapes are Telineelapuram Bird Migration (Srikakulam), Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary (East Godavari), Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary and Bantumilli Wetlands (Krishna), Pulicat Lake and Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary (Nellore).
The method of fattening wild crabs, the direct involvement of coastal communities in mangrove restoration and the cultivation of mussels are among the areas that should provide climate-adaptive livelihoods for coastal communities to maintain and restore the target wetlands, Selvan said.